Beginners Guide to the 4 Types of Furnaces

Whether you are in the market for a new furnace, or you want to learn more about the options out there for future reference, we’ve got you covered. We’re sharing our guide to the 4 types of furnaces to help you better understand which suits your needs best!

So What Exactly is a Furnace?

A furnace is one of the main components of your HVAC system and controls the heat in your home or space. When you set your thermostat to a warmer temperature than your current environment, you are activating the furnace to begin heating the air. A fan switches on inside the furnace and begins circulating that new warm air throughout your vents. How the heat is actually transferred into the air is what differentiates each type of furnace from one another.

Any furnace comparison should start with an analysis on which type of furnace is most appropriate for your home. This might depend on what energy sources are readily available and your budget.

The 4 Types of Furnaces

The four main types of furnaces include natural gas, oil, electric, and propane. Each furnace heats your home and uses various resources to distrubute the warm air throughout your ventilation system.

Natural Gas Furnaces

Natural gas furnaces are highly cost-effective and widely popular. Gone are the days of inefficient gas furnaces. While older products weren’t always reliable for their efficiency, newer gas furnaces can be up to 98% efficient

Natural gas is the most common way that Americans heat their homes. Nearly half the country currently uses this type of furnace, but usage differs widely by area.

Oil Furnaces

Oil furnaces are most commonly found in the northeastern United States due to the natural resources being readily available. While this option is slightly less efficient than gas furnaces, the upfront cost to purchase and install an oil furnace is lower. Natural gas furnaces can cost up to 25% more to purchase than this option.

Electric Furnaces 

Electric furnaces are the cheapest option to purchase and save you half the cost of a gas furnace upfront. Electric furnaces are also very easy to install and typically last up to 10 years longer than the other furnace types.

While this option may sound like the cheapest, you will pay a much higher bill each month for use.

Propane Furnaces

If gas or oil aren’t resources available in your region, propane can be a great option. Propane is a byproduct of oil and gas production, and can easily be stored in tanks. About 10% of the country chooses propane for their furnace.

Next Steps

Depending on what resources are available to you, you may have to choose a specific type of furnace solely based on functionality. For those who have options but aren’t sure what’s best for them, our team is always happy to help. You can chat with our team to learn more about possible furnaces in your home and how to install them.

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